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English 10 Unit 1 – A day in the life of – Reading

Reading Passage 2

Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and many other products by the cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals. The practice of agriculture is also known as “farming”. Scientists, inventors and others have devoted to improving fanning methods and implements. More people in the world are involved in agriculture as their primary economic activity than in any other, yet it only accounts for four percent of the world’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product). Agriculture sometimes refers to subsistence agriculture, the production of enough food to meet just the needs of a farmer and his family. It may also refer to industrial agriculture, (often referred to as factory farming) long prevalent in developed nations, which consists of obtaining financial income from the cultivation of land to yield products, the commercial raising of animals, or both. Agriculture is also short for the study of the practice of agriculture—more formally known as agricultural science. Increasingly, in addition to food for humans and animal feeds, agriculture produces goods such as flowers, nursery plants, timber or lumber, fertilizers, animal hides, leather, industrial chemicals (such as starch, sugar, ethanol, alcohols, and plastics), fibers, fuel, and both legal and illegal drugs (biopharmaceuticals, tobacco, marijuana, opium, cocaine). Genetically engineered plants and animals produce specialty drugs. – subsistence: sinh kế – feed: thức ăn cho gia súc – prevalent: phổ biến, thường thấy – implement: dụng cụ, phương tiện

#1. Agriculture _____.

#2. _____ is the practice of agriculture.

#3. Which is not referred in the text?

#4. According to the writer, _____.

#5. Agriculture does not produce _____.

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